What Is TMJ? The temporomandibular joint, or TMJ, is the joint that connects the upper and lower jaw and is responsible for the opening and closing of the mouth. TMJ disorder is a broad term used to describe a wide variety of potential issues affecting the jaw joint, muscles in the face, neck, and surrounding nerves.
Common Causes of TMJ Disorder: there is no single cause for TMJ dysfunction. Any number of factors or combination of factors may be to blame including:
Trauma to the head, neck, or face
Trauma to the TMJ joint or arthritis
Hormonal changes or imbalances
Malocclusion (where the jaws do not line up correctly resulting in bite problems)
Common TMJ Symptoms as with the causes, symptoms of TMJ disorder vary greatly between patients. TMJ symptoms often mask themselves or are similar to those of other medical conditions, making diagnosis extremely difficult. Common symptoms of TMJ disorder include:
Shoulder, neck, facial pain
Clicking or popping when opening or closing jaw
Locked jaw or limited mobility in the jaw joint
Teeth clenching, teeth grinding, often accompanied by tooth wear
What Is Bite Correction? Occlusal equilibration, better known as bite correction or TMJ correction, is the process of adjusting the alignment of the teeth for optimal fit. The teeth should line up so that they make even contact with one another, creating a low-stress bite.
Over 95% of TMJ dysfunction (TMD) and TMJ pain are caused by an improper occlusion. Bite correction can help to alleviate the symptoms of TMD such as sore jaw, headaches, teeth clenching, and more.